हिन्दी । 5 Countries Going to Collapse And Bankrupt Soon / Will Pakistan become Bankrupt?
Pakistan’s reserves have dropped at the fastest pace in Asia to $9.1 billion. Reserves are now below the level reached when the country approached the IMF the last two times for a bailout, according to Bilal Khan, a senior economist at Standard Chartered Bank Plc.
Low reserves mean the nation has less funds to pay for much-needed imports to keep economic growth going and for the central bank to maintain currency stability.
“Pakistan’s heightened external vulnerability is the chief credit challenge in the near-term” for the new government, Christian Fang, an analyst at Moody’s Investors Service, said in an emailed statement. Possible options would include “monetary and fiscal policy tightening, further exchange rate depreciation, and turning to the IMF for external financing.”
If Pakistan heads to the IMF for aid, it won’t be the first time. The nation has had 12 loan programs with the IMF since the late 1980s and may seek between $10 billion and $15 billion from the Washington-based lender in upcoming months, according to Karachi-based Insight Securities.
The loans typically come with conditions such as reigning in fiscal deficits and tighter monetary policy. Pakistan’s central bank has already increased interest rates three times this year to 7.5 percent.
The “IMF will not be that easy this time around,” said Mohammed Ali Hussain, head of research at Frontier Investment Management Partners Ltd. in Dubai, which handles $2 billion in assets. “Lots of structural reforms were delayed or not done last time. They will be much tougher in the enforcement process, whether its privatization program, revamping the tax infrastructure, widening the tax net, its not going to be easy on the ground level.”
पाकिस्तान की हालत काफी खराब हो चुकी है। यहां बात पड़ोसी देश के आर्थिक मोर्चे की कर रहे हैं। हालात इतने बिगड़ चुके हैं कि पाकिस्तान का एक रुपया भारतीय रुपए से आधा यानी अठन्नी के बराबर पर आ चुका है। वास्तव में मंगलवार को एक अमरीकी डॉलर की क़ीमत 122 पाकिस्तानी रुपए हो गई। सोमवार को डॉलर की तुलना में पाकिस्तानी रुपए में 3।8 फ़ीसदी की गिरावट आई थी। ताज्जुब की बात तो ये है कि पाकिस्तान का सेंट्रल बैंक पिछले सात महीने में तीन बार रुपए का अवमूल्यन कर चुका है, लेकिन इसका असर नहीं दिख रहा।
A socioeconomic and political crisis has been taking place in Venezuela since 2010 under the presidency of Hugo Chavez and has continued into the current presidency of Nicolas Maduro. The current situation is the worst economic crisis in Venezuela's history and among one of the worst crises experienced in the Americas. The crisis was the result of populist policies that began under the Chávez administration's Bolivarian Revolution On 2 June 2010, President Chávez declared an "economic war" due to the increasing shortages in Venezuela. The crisis intensified under the Maduro government, growing more severe as a result of low oil prices in 2015, The Venezuelan government has declined that there is a crisis within the country.
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